Earlier this week, along with the help of Citizen Lab, Shodan, VirusTotal, Censys, ReversingLabs and Rapid7, Recorded Future published their latest research paper. Officially entitled “Underlying Dimensions of Yemen’s Civil War: Control of the Internet,” the paper chronicles the devastating effects of years of War on Yemen internet infrastructure, usage and connectivity. Among other topics, the report details how control of the internet in the country has shifted over the years, as well as how the internet landscape has shifted as different Waring factions have taken control over different portions of the country.
- Since taking Yemen’s capital, Sana’a, in September 2014, the Houthi rebels have controlled YemenNet – Yemens main ISP.
- Houthi rebels continue to use what’s left of YemenNet’s IP infrastructure to host Coinhive mining services in order to generate revenue to fund their War effort.
- The Houthi Government controls about 500 “official” Yemeni Government websites through the .ye domain.
- In June 2018 the Hadi government created an entirely new ISP called AdenNet to counteract Houthi internet controls.
- Only a small percentage of internet users in Yemen have the skills or knowledge to utilize VPNs, Tor, or routers with DNS recursion to circumvent government controls/surveillance.
- Major international players, including the United States, Russia, and China have deployed malware/spyware as a means to supplement military efforts and/or leverage political opponents/dissidents.
- Dating back to 2015, the “Yemen Cyber Army” has emerged as a major player launching attacks against government agencies.
- Yemen ranks 50th global in population, but 148th in domain registrations.
- The Houthi Government continues to block public access to WhatsApp, Facebook and Twitter.
- Since the Yemeni Civil War first began, roughly 80% of all fiber optic cables have been destroyed.
- Only 24.3% of Yemeni citizens currently have access to the internet in 2018, up from 19.1% in 2014.
- Roughly 50% of Yemeni citizens have access to cellular phones and/or landlines.
Download Full Research Paper Here: https://go.recordedfuture.com/hubfs/reports/cta-2018-1128.pdf
Read Full Study: