CyberGuerrilla – Anonymous Gearing up for Operation Targeting Turkey Over Syrian Invasion

While I personally may be in favor of the Turkish invasion of Afrin and Rojava, it is not my job to care about which side is doing what when writing the news, I just report whats actively going on out there. But, getting into the hacktivist scene myself lately, I can not help but notice a ton of international outcry over what Turkey is presently doing in Syria and around their borders. I’m not talking about new reporters, politicians or anyone like that here, I’m specifically talking about some of the larger hacking networks the world over.

For example, over the course of just 1 week there were three different posting to CyberGuerrilla Anonymous Nexus (CgAn) indicating that operations against Turkey will soon be underway, and CgAn is not know to just f*ck around – so to speak. These postings, by the way, included a message from people inside Turkey, a posting from the United States and a posting from France – indicating a large scale effort is soon underway. It should also be noted that their operations are not entirely cyber and not entirely Black-Hat either, rather the groups are using whatever platforms they have to share the message about the Kurdish people and what is happening to them. In solidarity with them, I too share their messages here today with my audience.

Message from Kurds……..

Greeting citizens of the world

The Kurdish people who destroyed jihadist ISIS are now bombed by the Turkish State, the chief supporter of ISIS.
Unfortunately, we read the news of the deaths of many elderly women and children.
This is very sadly.
we shouldn’t stay silent more and not be part of this crime of humanity.
it is time to be sound to that scream echoing to stop this genocide.
Kurdish people should not be sacrificed to the dirty alliance of terrorist Trump and terrorist Erdogan.
All Anonymous members and all hacktivist groups should take action against that genocide.

Biji Berxwedana Rojava Biji Rojava

Message from Anonymous France…….

#OPSafeKurde #AnonymousFrance

Le collectif Anonymous ces lancé dans opération #OpsafeKurde à la suite que les force Turques ont traversé la frontière Syrienne.
Le collectif Anonymous France s’engage de manière indéterminé dans le conflit afin de permettre la paix entre les deux nations.

Et pour éviter toutes nouvelles guerre qui pourrait meurtrie des familles Turques, Kurdes, Syrienne.

Nous sommes légion
Nous pardonnons pas
Nous n’oublions pas
Attendez vous à nous

Message from BlackRat (CgAn)…..

Greeting Brothers and Sisters,

All those wars! All that devastation! All those victims, blood and reaction’s fury! Who is to blame? Who stands behind those who threw the burning torch into the keg of gunpowder? Who had long desired these wars and prepared them? The ruling classes! With their cronyism and kleptocracy, their bureaucracy and ideology, their police and spies calling us criminals. The governments and imperialist cliques, together with their press, tell you that the war(s) must be continued in order to destroy terrorism. Do not be deceived! Terrorism can only be eliminated by peace itself, and the task of bringing it down is posed in every country. Your governments and your press also tell you that the war’s must be continued so that it can be the last war on… This too is a deception. Never has a war put an end to war or terrorism. On the contrary, each war awakens the lust for revenge. Violence begets violence. Thus, after each sacrifice, your tormentors will demand new ones. Nor do the ruling pacifist zealots offer an escape from this vicious circle.

There is only one way to prevent future wars, namely for the Brothers, Sisters to conquer political power and abolish capitalist property. Enduring peace can only be achieved by victorious empowerment of the people.

A revolution not only to free the Kurdish population in Syria, but also the Middle East from the centuries of colonialism, oppression and dictatorships. And it has been an internationalist Revolution, because many internationalists joined this revolution, on the front line against the Islamic State and the Turkish fascism, we helped in hospitals, planted trees and worked to build up a democratic, ecological society, based on the liberation of women. And many revolutionaries joined the struggle all over the world, because the revolution in Syria has shown to all of us, that another world is not just theoretically possible, but it’s actually being built up in everyday life.

Social injustice and class rule are even more apparent in war than in peacetime. In peace, the capitalist system robs workers of the joys of life; in war(s) it robs them of everything, including life itself. And let us be done with devastation. It is you, the people, who will bear the burden of these heaps of ruins today and in the future. The hundreds of billions in cash thrown into the maw of the god of war are unavailable for maintaining the people’s well-being, for cultural purposes, and for social reform that could ease your lot, promote popular education, and alleviate poverty.

And tomorrow new and heavy taxes will be laid on your stooped shoulders. So let us end the squandering of your labor, your money, and your life’s energy. Rise up in struggle for an immediate peace with no annexations! Use every means possible to bring a rapid end to the human slaughter! Take up the slogan: For an immediate armistice! Rise up in struggle, peoples suffering ruin and murder! Take courage! Bear in mind that you are the majority and, when you so desire, you can assume power. Let the governments know that hate against war’s is growing in every country and with it, the desire for social retribution. This is bringing closer the hour of peace among the peoples.

Down with the War’s!
No Masters No Slaves!
Long live Liberty!
Long live Peace, immediate peace, without annexations!
Long live the Revolution!

At the time of this article, October 20th 2019, according to Amnesty International, “at least 218 civilians have been killed in Syria, including 18 children, since the offensive began” – something Turkey denies. If you want to learn more or hear first hand eyewitness accounts about Turkeys current offensive, you’re invited to read more here: https://www.amnesty.org/en/latest/news/2019/10/syria-damning-evidence-of-war-crimes-and-other-violations-by-turkish-forces-and-their-allies/

 

Report: Anogola’s Historic Drought Threatens The Lives of Tens of Thousands

A new report from Amnesty International cautions the international public and Government of Angola that the lives of tens of thousands of its citizens are currently at risk of death/famine if nothing is done to help them in the immediate future. The drought is itself is said to have been an ongoing situation dating back to October 2018, and the crisis has been making international headlines dating back to May 2019 as the situation continued to worsen. Now, today, Amnesty International is warning that “tens of thousands of pastoral farmers who have been driven off their land to make way for commercial cattle ranches have been exposed to a greater risk of hunger and starvation as drought grips southern Angola.

As was explained by Amnesty International in more detail, “since the end of the civil war in 2002, the authorities have been diverting communal grazing land of Tunda dos Gambos and Vale de Chimbolela for commercial farming.” As a result, “the rise of commercial cattle ranches on this traditional grazing land has eroded economic, social, and cultural resilience, most notably food security, among the Vanyaneka and Ovaherero people in the Gambos, Angola.” This is also important to understand because it is the people/farmers whom have been locked out for federal/commercial land which have been the hardest hit by this drought, because the Government as offered them no money, resources or irrigation like they have to commercial farmers. As such, these are the people most likely to die the longer the drought exists.

Download Report: https://www.amnesty.org/download/Documents/AFR1210202019ENGLISH.pdf

Browse Report (64 Pages):

[pdf-embedder url=”https://roguemedia.co/wp-content/uploads/2019/10/AFR1210202019ENGLISH.pdf”%5D

 

** If you cant browse report hover over the pdf (above) and notice the up and down arrows at the bottom left, this will help you navigate through the document **

Indigenous Tribes & Commercial Loggers On The Verge of War In Amazon Rain Forest as Deforestation Continues To Grow

(AI) – There is an imminent risk of violent clashes in Brazil’s Amazon region unless the government protects Indigenous peoples’ traditional lands from increasing illegal land seizures and logging by armed intruders, Amnesty International warned today.

Amnesty International recently visited three different Indigenous territories in northern Brazil where illegal intruders had begun or expanded efforts to seize land and/or cut down trees. Indigenous leaders told the organization that they had received death threats for defending their traditional lands. They also fear new intrusions in the dry season (May/June to October/November) when easier physical access to forests facilitates clearance and burning.

Brazil’s Indigenous peoples and their land face enormous threats and the situation will soon become untenable in the dry season,” said Richard Pearshouse, Senior Crisis & Environment Advisor for Amnesty International. “The government must protect Indigenous peoples who are defending their land, or blood will be shed.

In April 2019, Amnesty International interviewed 23 Indigenous people in three territories in northern Brazil: Karipuna and Uru-Eu-Wau-Wau in Rondônia state, and Arara in Pará state. Amnesty International also interviewed 13 people knowledgeable about intrusions in Indigenous territories, including government officials, Public Prosecutors and representatives of non-governmental organizations.

According to representatives of non-governmental organizations and authorities, intruders are often local individuals who are encouraged and supported to occupy plots of land and/or sell the timber by local farmers and politicians. Indigenous peoples in some territories conduct patrols to monitor and protect their land from these intrusions. As the intruders are often armed, there is a high risk of violent clashes with Indigenous peoples. In all three sites, Indigenous leaders have repeatedly denounced recent illegal land seizures and logging to government authorities. However there have been only limited responses from government authorities, and illegal land seizures and logging have continued.

An intrusion by some 40 illegal intruders into Uru-Eu-Wau-Wau territory in January 2019 resulted in a government surveillance operation in the area a few days later in which one person was arrested and later released. A much larger intrusion into Uru-Eu-Wau-Wau territory followed, in April 2019, estimated to involve many hundreds of illegal intruders. A government surveillance operation led to two people being arrested a week after the April intrusion.

Gunshots during the night

Indigenous peoples from all three territories told Amnesty International that illegal intruders had recently cut new paths into the forest near their villages and roads. In some territories they also described frequently hearing sounds of tractors and chainsaws inside the territories.

A 22-year-old Uru-Eu-Wau-Wau woman described how she felt in the days after the intrusion in January 2019:  “When I heard about the invasion, I was scared because it is very close to the village. I had never seen one so close. I was afraid they would come here. I couldn’t sleep anymore. There were gunshots during the night for several nights. I was scared. I put the children to sleep, but I couldn’t sleep.

Amnesty International’s researchers observed traces of roads and paths inside the Indigenous territories previously used by intruders, as well as pictures and videos of markers delineating plots and paths, and a tractor carrying timber. A Karipuna leader told Amnesty International about fears the situation may escalate to violent clashes in the dry season: “They [the illegal intruders] left a message that we [the Indigenous leaders] should not walk in their paths, we would disappear … If government doesn’t protect the territory, a tragedy between intruders and Indigenous might happen. During the dry season, intrusions will increase even more because authorities haven’t taken any measures.

The government’s response to these illegal land seizures and logging remains inadequate. The surveillance of Indigenous territories depends in large part on coordination among different governmental bodies. Brazil’s National Indian Foundation (FUNAI) lacks police powers and relies on the support from other institutions, such as the Brazilian Institute of Environment and Renewable Natural Resources (IBAMA) and the Federal Police (Polícia Federal). Experts told Amnesty International that surveillance operations have been reduced because of budget constraints over recent months.

Indigenous people expressed their frustration to Amnesty International that few intruders are held accountable, while experts highlighted the need to investigate those supporting and funding the illegal land seizures and logging.

Between January and April 2019, the Federal Public Prosecutor’s office (Ministério Público Federal) sent at least four letters to the Ministries of Justice and Women, Family and Human Rights – the Ministry responsible for the National Indian Foundation (FUNAI) since January 2019 – describing a deterioration of the security situation in the Karipuna and Uru-Eu-Wau-Wau territories and warning of a risk of conflict. The office requested the immediate support from the National Security Force (Força Nacional) while authorities develop a long-term protection plan for the territories.

To date, the Ministries of Justice and Women, Family and Human Rights have not coordinated with the National Security Force to protect the Karipuna and Uru-Eu-Wau-Wau territories and the long-term protection plan remains unresolved. “Unless FUNAI and the other authorities step up the fight against illegal land seizures and logging, violent clashes between Indigenous peoples and intruders are incredibly likely,” said Richard Pearshouse. “The government should promptly affirm its commitment to the protection of Indigenous territories and ensure they are respected.

Deforestation in Indigenous territories worsens

Illegal land seizures and logging are usually less common in rainy season (October/November to May/June) than dry season (May/June to October/November). The NGO Imazon has reported the loss of 12 square kilometres of forest inside Indigenous territories in the Amazon during the first three months of the year. This represents a 100% rise compared to the same period in 2018.

Studies indicate that, where traditional lands of Indigenous peoples are primary forests, demarcation of Indigenous territories can play a protective role against deforestation. Conserving primary forests is key in the fight against climate change because when forests are cleared or burnt, stored carbon is released into the atmosphere mainly as carbon dioxide.

Protecting the human rights of Indigenous peoples is key to preventing further deforestation in the Amazon. The international community should be watching carefully and supporting those Indigenous communities on the front lines of the fight to protect the world’s most precious forests,” said Richard Pearshouse.

No photo description available.

ADDITIONAL BACKGROUND AND TESTIMONIES

In addition to the three territories researched by Amnesty International, other Indigenous territories in Brazil also face increasing pressure from illegal intruders. In February 2019, the non-governmental organisation Repórter Brasil reported the existence of at least 14 demarcated Indigenous territories with recent invasions or intrusions from illegal intruders.

Indigenous territories are protected by Brazil’s laws and international human rights law. The Constitution recognizes Indigenous peoples’ rights to the land, its use and natural resources. Illegal land seizures and logging inside Indigenous territories constitute crimes under federal law. Brazil has ratified ILO Convention 169 which guarantees indigenous peoples the right to free, prior and informed consultation over projects that affect their lands and rights.

The Uru-Eu-Wau-Wau territory

Uru-Eu-Wau-Wau territory comprises an area of 1,867 thousand hectares in Rondônia state, northern Brazil. The process of demarcation of the territory was concluded in 1991. The Uru-Eu-Wau-Wau people with a population of 200 live in six villages in the northern part of the territory. In April 2019, Amnesty International visited two of the villages close to the locations of recent intrusions and interviewed community members.

Uru-Eu-Wau-Wau people told Amnesty International that on 11 January 2019 they confronted about 40 invaders, who were armed with sickles and machetes, cutting a path into their territory about two kilometers away from one Indigenous village and just beside the road they use to enter and leave their territory. When told to leave, the intruders allegedly replied that more intruders would be coming and threatened to kill the Indigenous children.

Another intrusion into Uru-Eu-Wau-Wau territory took place in early April 2019. Local media reported intruders saying they entered the Indigenous territory under the assumption the government would divide up the territory and allocate titles to them. Local media reported the presence of more than one thousand intruders in the Nova Floresta area, while FUNAI communicated to local indigenous people that the intrusion likely involved 500 intruders. The actual number of illegal intruders involved in the April 2019 intrusion is uncertain.

Soon after the Uru-Eu-Wau-Wau people denounced the invasion to authorities, FUNAI and federal police officers went to the start of the path which had been cut by the illegal intruders but did not arrest anyone. In late April 2019, a new operation conducted by FUNAI, Federal Police, IBAMA and ICMBio arrested two people.

The Karipuna territory

The Karipuna Indigenous territory comprises an area of 153 thousand hectares in the municipalities of Porto Velho and Nova Mamoré (Rondônia state) and was demarcated as such in 1998. The Karipuna are a Indigenous people with 58 members and the only village lies on the banks of the Jaci Paraná river. Beside the village, there is a plantation where they grow manioc, pumpkin, sweet potato, banana and corn.

Karipuna leaders told Amnesty International that the closest paths into their territory are two kilometers away from their village and they had been recently re-cleared. The presence of intruders, even during the rainy season, coupled with death threats they received few months ago, limit their activities such as hunting and collection of cashews. They fear the risk of conflict as illegal intruders get even closer.

A 26-year-old Karipuna leader said: “We are few to do the surveillance and we don’t have police powers. It is very risky and we are already being threatened. If government doesn’t act, we might lose our territory, it might be the end of the Karipuna. I don’t know if there are new paths, because we don’t patrol so often to avoid contact with intruders. They are armed with guns.

Despite an interim court decision from June 2018 ordering federal and state authorities to implement a plan to protect the territory with a minimum of 10 days of surveillance per month, government patrols have been severely curtailed.

The Arara territory

The Indigenous territory Arara is located in Pará state, northern Brazil. Demarcated in 1991, the territory with 274 thousand hectares is home to about 400 Arara people living in six different villages. Four of them lie along the Iriri river, while two others are in the northern limits of the territory, adjacent to route BR-230, also known as the Trans-Amazonian highway.

Arara people told Amnesty International in December 2018 illegal intruders began opening new paths into their territory from along the highway and marking plots of land with their names. The plots were separated by a few hundred metres. Confronted by FUNAI’s agents in an operation in late December 2018, they reportedly told the agents that Bolsonaro will authorize the sub-division of the land and logging.

After reports made by FUNAI, in January 2019 IBAMA and Federal Police flew over the Arara territory and identified three new sites of deforestation. Another attempt of illegal land seizure was identified in a more remote location of the territory in February 2019. At that time, Arara people submitted a letter to the Public Prosecutor’s Office denouncing the invasions and requesting government support to avoid a conflict. According to Arara people and authorities, illegal land seizure has been temporarily halted by government intervention, while illegal logging remains a problem.

During a visit to the territory in April 2019, Amnesty International researchers saw paths and roads used for illegal logging. They also heard a chainsaw being used nearby as they walked along one of the paths. Arara people told Amnesty International illegal logging continues to take place in the territory. According to a 43-years-old Arara man: “FUNAI used to go with us to inspect sometimes. The last mission was in February. Since then, they didn’t provide more. We denounced and they [FUNAI] claim they don’t have resources. If measures are not taken, there will be more land seizures.


This report was originally published by Amnesty International on May 9th 2019. It was republished, with permission, under a Creative Commons BY-NC-ND 4.0 International License, in accordance with the Terms & Conditions of Amnesty International | Formatting Edits and Tweet’s added and embedded by Rogue Media Labs

Amnesty International & AirWars Release Join Investigation Disclosing +1,600 Causalities by US Armed Forces In Raqqa, Syria Alone

(AI) – The US-led military Coalition must end almost two years of denial about the massive civilian death toll and destruction it unleashed in the Syrian city of Raqqa, Amnesty International and Airwars said today as they launched a new data project on the offensive to oust the armed group calling itself “Islamic State” (IS).

The interactive website, Rhetoric versus Reality: How the ‘most precise air campaign in history’ left Raqqa the most destroyed city in modern times, is the most comprehensive investigation into civilian deaths in a modern conflict. Collating almost two years of investigations, it gives a brutally vivid account of more than 1,600 civilian lives lost as a direct result of thousands of US, UK and French air strikes and tens of thousands of US artillery strikes in the Coalition’s military campaign in Raqqa from June to October 2017.

No photo description available.
Visit Interactive Website: https://raqqa.amnesty.org/

By the time the offensive began, the IS had ruled Raqqa for almost four years. It had perpetrated war crimes and crimes against humanity, torturing or killing anyone who dared oppose it. Amnesty International previously documented how IS used civilians as human shields, mined exit routes, set up checkpoints to restrict movement, and shot at those trying to flee.

Download/Read Full Report: https://www.amnesty.org/download/Documents/MDE2469452017ENGLISH.PDF

Coalition forces razed Raqqa, but they cannot erase the truth. Amnesty International and Airwars call upon the Coalition forces to end their denial about the shocking scale of civilian deaths and destruction caused by their offensive in Raqqa. The Coalition needs to fully investigate what went wrong at Raqqa and learn from those lessons, to prevent inflicting such tremendous suffering on civilians caught in future military operations,” said Chris Woods, Director of Airwars.

Cutting-edge research on the ground in Raqqa and from afar

Amnesty International and Airwars have collated and cross-referenced multiple data streams for this investigation. On four visits since the battle was still raging, Amnesty International researchers spent a total of around two months on the ground in Raqqa, carrying out site investigations at more than 200 strike locations and interviewing more than 400 witnesses and survivors.

Amnesty International’s innovative “Strike Trackers” project also identified when each of the more than 11,000 destroyed buildings in Raqqa was hit. More than 3,000 digital activists in 124 countries took part, analyzing a total of more than 2 million satellite image frames. The organization’s Digital Verification Corps, based at six universities around the world, analyzed and authenticated video footage captured during the battle.

View Strike Trackers Project: https://decoders.amnesty.org/projects/strike-tracker#decode-results

No photo description available.
Airwars and Amnesty International researchers analyzed open-source evidence, both in real-time and after the battle – including thousands of social media posts and other material – to build a database of more than 1,600 civilians reportedly killed in Coalition strikes. The organizations have gathered names for more than 1,000 of the victims; Amnesty International has directly verified 641 of those on the ground in Raqqa, and there are very strong multiple source reports for the rest.

Both organizations have frequently shared their findings with the US-led military Coalition and with the US, UK and French governments. As a result, the Coalition has admitted responsibility for killing 159 civilians – around 10% of the total number reported – but it has routinely dismissed the remainder as “non-credible.” However, to date the Coalition has failed to adequately probe civilian casualty reports or to interview witnesses and survivors, admitting it does not carry out site investigations.

Bringing cases to life

Rhetoric versus Reality brings to life the stories of families who lived and died in the war by taking users on a journey through the city; meeting survivors, hearing their testimonies and visiting their destroyed homes. From the bombed-out bridges spanning the Euphrates to the largely demolished old city near the central stadium, no neighbourhood was spared.

Developed with Holoscribe’s creative team, the interactive website combines  photographs, videos, 360-degree immersive experiences, satellite imagery, maps and data visualizations to highlight the cases and journeys of civilians caught under the Coalition’s bombardment. Users can also explore data on civilians who were killed, many of them after having fled from place to place across the city.

Entire city blocks flattened

Raqqa’s soaring civilian death toll is unsurprising given the Coalition’s relentless barrage of munitions that were inaccurate to the point of being indiscriminate when used near civilians.

One US military official boasted about firing 30,000 artillery rounds during the campaign – the equivalent of a strike every six minutes, for four months straight – surpassing the amount of artillery used in any conflict since the Viet Nam war. With a margin of error of more than 100 metres, unguided artillery is notoriously imprecise and its use in populated areas constitutes indiscriminate attacks.

One of the first neighbourhoods to be targeted was Dara’iya, a low-rise, poorer district in western Raqqa. In a ramshackle, half-destroyed house, Fatima, nine years old at the time, described how she lost three of her siblings and her mother, Aziza, when the Coalition rained volleys of artillery shells down on their neighbourhood on the morning of 10 June 2017. They were among 16 civilians killed on that street on that day alone. Fatima lost her right leg and her left leg was badly injured. She now uses a wheelchair donated by an NGO to get around and her only wish is to go to school.

Families wiped out in an instant

US, UK and French forces also launched thousands of air strikes into civilian neighbourhoods, scores of which resulted in mass civilian casualties.

In one tragic incident, a Coalition air strike destroyed an entire five-storey residential building near Maari school in the central Harat al-Badu neighbourhood in the early evening of 25 September 2017. Four families were sheltering in the basement at the time. Almost all of them – at least 32 civilians, including 20 children – were killed. A week later, a further 27 civilians – including many relatives of those killed in the earlier strike – were also killed when an air strike destroyed a nearby building.

Planes were bombing and rockets were falling 24 hours a day, and there were IS snipers everywhere. You just couldn’t breathe,” one survivor of the 25 September strike, Ayat Mohammed Jasem, told a TV crew when she returned to her destroyed home more than a year later. “I saw my son die, burnt in the rubble in front of me. I’ve lost everyone who was dear to me. My four children, my husband, my mother, my sister, my whole family. Wasn’t the goal to free the civilians? They were supposed to save us, to save our children.

Time for accountability

Many of the cases documented by Amnesty International likely amount to violations of international humanitarian law and warrant further investigation.

Despite their best efforts, NGOs like Amnesty International and Airwars will never have the resources to investigate the full extent of civilian deaths and injuries in Raqqa. The organizations are urging US-led Coalition members to put in place an independent, impartial mechanism to effectively and promptly investigate reports of civilian harm, including violations of international humanitarian law, and make the findings public.

Coalition members who carried out the strikes, notably the USA, the UK and France, must be transparent about their tactics, specific means and methods of attack, choice of targets, and precautions taken in the planning and execution of their attacks.

Coalition members must create a fund to ensure that victims and their families receive full reparation and compensation.

More Resources for Raqqa:

Site Tracker: https://decoders.amnesty.org/projects/strike-tracker

Investigative Report – War of Annihilation: https://www.amnesty.org/download/Documents/MDE2483672018ENGLISH.PDF

Investigative Report – Deadly Labyrinth, Citizens Trapped In Battle for Raqqa: https://www.amnesty.org/download/Documents/MDE2469452017ENGLISH.PDF


This report was originally published by Amnesty International on March 25th 2019. It was republished, with permission, under a Creative Commons BY-NC-ND 4.0 International License, in accordance with the Terms & Conditions of Amnesty International | Formatting Edits and PDF’s added and embedded by Rogue Media Labs

 

The Yemen Papers: Classified Military Documents from French MoD Published Online

Earlier this morning, April 15th 2019, a non-Governmental Organization (NGO) going by the name of Disclose released a small cache of classified military documents outlining the French Governments role in the Yemen Civil War and the tragedy currently unfolding there. Officially entitled “The Yemen Papers” and comprising of 15 pages of classified material, the leaked documents outline France’s role in providing weapons and munitions to Saudi Forces and the United Arab Emirates for use in Yemen, whom have then turned around and used these weapons in countless War Crimes in the country.

In addition to publishing the documents, which have been consolidated and reloaded through this site to be accessible/browse-able to the public, Disclose has also set up an interactive website called “Made-In-France” to give readers more perspective on the leaked documents and the circumstances surrounding them – including the documentation of War Crimes carried out in and around the country over the course of the last several years. Both the website and leaks are world class, so I have made accessing them easy – see the information directly below.

Made In France – Yemen Papers Release: https://made-in-france.disclose.ngo/en/chapter/yemen-papers

Download/Own Yemen Papers Docs: https://roguemedia.co/wp-content/uploads/2019/04/Yemen-Papers.pdf

As was previously explained by Julian Assange in 2017, following the release of other classified documents known as The Yemen Files, “Yemen is of significant strategic interest as Yemen controls a narrow choke-point to the Red Sea and the Suez Canal through which 11% of the world’s petroleum passes each day. In addition, Yemen borders Saudi Arabia (to the north) and Oman (to the east) and has access to the Arabian Sea, through which another 20% of the world’s petroleum passes from the Strait of Hormuz (including the oil of Saudi Arabia and Iran). Saudi Arabia seeks to control a port in Yemen to avoid the potential constriction of its oil shipments by by Iran along the Strait of Hormuz or by countries which can control its other oil shipment path along the Red Sea.

Adding that “the Yemen Files offer documentary evidence of the US arming, training and funding of Yemeni forces in the years building up to the war. The documents reveal, among other things, procurement of many different weapon types: aircraft, vessels, vehicles, proposals for maritime border security control and Yemeni procurement of US biometric systems.” Similarly, the documents released today outline the true extent to which France has gone about arming different militant groups/factions currently fighting in the Yemen Civil War.

Learn More – The Yemen Files (11/25/2017): https://wikileaks.org/yemen-files/document/

Browse Yemen Papers Release 4/25/2019:

[pdf-embedder url=”https://roguemedia.co/wp-content/uploads/2019/04/Yemen-Papers-1.pdf” title=”Yemen-Papers”]

As was also reported by Amnesty International earlier today,

“These leaked documents provide clear evidence that French military equipment supplied to Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates (UAE) is being widely used in the conflict in Yemen. Despite overwhelming evidence, Western arms supplied to the Saudi Arabia and UAE-led Coalition are being used to commit or facilitate possible war crimes and other serious violations of international humanitarian law in Yemen, states such as France have shamelessly flouted their international obligations by continuing to supply arms to Saudi Arabia and the UAE in violation of the Arms Trade Treaty.

Amnesty International’s repeated calls on the French Ministry of Defence to be transparent about French arms transfers since the conflict began have fallen on deaf ears. The information made public today should spur the French government to immediately suspend all arms transfers that could be used by any of the warring parties in Yemen – once and for all.”

Amnesty International has previously published an investigative report entitled “When Arms Go Astray,” outlining the destruction caused by US and European weapons shipments into Yemen at the hands of UAE and Saudi forces.

Read Full Investigation – When Arms Go Astray: https://arms-uae.amnesty.org/en/

As Amnesty International is also quick to point out, more than a quarter of a million people have signed Amnesty International’s petition calling on their governments to immediately stop arms transfers to Saudi Arabia and UAE.

Sign The Petition Here: https://www.amnesty.fr/controle-des-armes/petitions/yemen-stop-aux-ventes-darmes-francaises

You can also learn more about the situation in Yemen and other international efforts to stop arms exports to Saudi Arabia and UAE through the links/resources provided below.

Rogue Media Labs – Yemen Results: https://roguemedia.co/?s=Yemen&x=0&y=0

Learn More – Court Rules Criminal Complaint Against UK Parliament for Arming Saudi Arabia In Yemen Civil War Can Move Forward: https://roguemedia.co/2019/04/10/court-rules-criminal-complaint-against-uk-parliament-for-arming-saudi-arabia-in-yemen-civil-war-can-move-forward/

 

Court Rules Criminal Complaint Against UK Parliament for Arming Saudi Arabia In Yemen Civil War Can Move Forward

(HRW) – Human Rights Watch, Amnesty International, and RW UK intervened in a court case beginning today that is challenging the United Kingdom’s continued sale of arms to Saudi Arabia. The case is being heard by the Court of Appeal for three days starting on April 9, 2019.

Copy of Criminal Case Against UK: https://www.hrw.org/sites/default/files/supporting_resources/ngos_challenge_saudi_arms_sale.pdf

The landmark case, brought by the UK-based Campaign Against Arms Trade (CAAT), seeks to establish that the UK government is breaking its own arms export licensing criteria by continuing to sell weapons to Saudi Arabia, given the clear risk that the weapons would be used to commit serious violations of international humanitarian law in Yemen. The High Court in London dismissed the case in 2017, but the Campaign Against Arms Trade won the right to appeal, and the three groups, along with Oxfam, again received permission to intervene.

The UK government says it has very rigorous arms controls, yet weapons continue to be sold to Saudi Arabia despite considerable evidence of Saudi-led coalition abuses in Yemen,” said Clive Baldwin, senior legal adviser at Human Rights Watch. “This case is a key opportunity to make sure that the UK rules on arms sales are being properly applied to Saudi Arabia.” The three organizations are intervening to address the meaning of the term “clear risk” of a serious violation of international humanitarian law, which governs when arms sales should not take place. They also intend to set out the importance for the UK government and other decision-makers to take into consideration research and reports on the abuses in the war in Yemen by the United Nations and by nongovernmental groups.

Since the coalition began its aerial campaign in Yemen in March 2015, the UK has licensed at least £4.7 billion (US$6.1 billion) worth of arms sales to Saudi Arabia. Human Rights Watch researchers have regularly visited Yemen and documented the use of weapons, including weapons made in the UK, in strikes that appeared to be unlawful. The UN, Human Rights Watch, Amnesty International, and Yemeni rights groups have repeatedly documented unlawful attacks by the coalition that have hit homes, markets, schools, and hospitals, and killed and wounded many civilians.

Since 2016, Human Rights Watch has called for all countries to end arms sales to Saudi Arabia until the Saudi-led coalition ends its unlawful attacks and credibly investigates those that have already occurred. A growing number of European countries have halted sales of weapons to Saudi Arabia, including Germany, the Netherlands, and Austria.

The organizations are represented by Deighton Pierce Glynn, Jemima Stratford QC, Nikolaus Grubeck and Anthony Jones.

Browse Full Case:

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This article was originally published by Human Rights Watch on April 9th 2019. It was republished, with permission, using a Creative Commons BY-NC-ND 3.0 US License, in accordance with the Terms & Conditions of Human Rights Watch | Formatting edits, Tweets & Documents added/embedded by Rogue Media Labs

US Senate Releases Open Letter Urging US States Department To Talk Egyptian Military Tyrant/Dictator al-Sisi Down from Passing New Constitution

(AI) – Egypt’s authorities must end their crackdown against critics who oppose amendments to the Egyptian constitution, proposed by members of parliament, that will strengthen impunity for human rights violations, said Amnesty International. Many of those who have criticized the changes have been arrested or publicly vilified in the media. The organization is today publishing an analysis of the constitutional amendments which are currently being discussed by the Egyptian parliament. If passed, these measures will undermine the independence of the judiciary, expand military trials for civilians and could allow President Abdel Fattah to stay in power until 2034.

Download Full Analysis Report: https://www.amnesty.org/download/Documents/MDE1201472019ENGLISH.pdf

If passed, these constitutional amendments would worsen the devastating human rights crisis Egyptians are already facing. They would grant President Abdel Fattah al-Sisi and security forces free rein to further abuse their powers and suppress peaceful dissent for years to come,” said Magdalena Mughrabi, Deputy Middle East and North Africa Director at Amnesty International. “The Egyptian parliament has a responsibility towards Egyptians to preserve what remains of the country’s judicial independence and adherence to international law and reject the proposed amendments.

A parliamentary vote on the amendments is due in the coming weeks and if passed – the new draft constitution will be put to a public referendum. “Since President al-Sisi came to power human rights in Egypt have catastrophically deteriorated. Egypt’s international allies must not stand by silently as the Egyptian authorities push through these amendments while bullying anyone who dares to criticize the changes into silence. In particular, the US authorities should use President al-Sisi’s visit to Washington DC this week to publicly condemn the proposed changes.” President al-Sisi is due to meet with President Donald Trump during a visit to Washington DC on 9 April.

In its analysis Amnesty International expresses concern that the amendments would strengthen the influence of the Egyptian military over government, remove the requirement for judicial review of draft legislation, as well as expanding notoriously unfair military trials for civilians and granting the President sweeping powers to manage judicial affairs and appoint senior judges.

Other amendments that have drawn criticism from opponents are the plans to extend the presidential term to six years and introduce a provision allowing President al-Sisi to run for two further presidential terms.

Crackdown targeting critics

The amendments have attracted considerable criticism including from a number of public figures, human rights organizations, political parties and the State Council Judges Club. The authorities have responded by intensifying their crackdown on freedom of expression, targeting people who have voiced opposition to the amendments with arbitrary arrest and detention, defamation and even cyber-attacks.

More than 57 people have been arrested so far in 2019, with Egyptian NGOs citing higher figures, for peacefully expressing their opinions or merely being perceived to do so – at least four of them for expressing their opposition to the constitutional amendments on social media. The arrests have followed a pattern repeatedly documented by Amnesty International whereby the victims are arrested without warrants in the early hours of the morning, before being forcibly disappeared for several days. They later reappear before a state security prosecutor who orders their detention pending investigation on charges of “membership in terrorist groups” and “disseminating false information.

Several public figures – including some members of parliament –  who have expressed their opposition to the amendments have been widely criticized in public and private media and been subjected to smear campaigns. Some opponents have faced homophobic slurs, as well as calls, including from fellow members of parliament, for their prosecution for “treason” and for their Egyptian nationality to be revoked.

Amnesty International has also documented a wave of phishing attacks, that likely originated from government backed bodies, targeting independent media organizations and human rights defenders who reported  on the authorities, including the role of the General Intelligence Service, in pushing for the constitutional amendments.

Translated Nile River Phishing Report: https://citizenlab.ca/2017/02/nilephish-report/

Last week, on 28 March, a court prevented activists from the Civil Democratic Movement, an opposition movement, from holding a protest against the constitutional amendments in front of parliament. Egypt’s Minister of Interior filed a request asking the court not to grant permission for the protest on the basis that it could “threaten public peace and security.” The court decision cited concerns that “anti-state elements may infiltrate the protest and assault the protestors, in order to frame security forces as assaulting protestors. The intimidation and harassment of people who peacefully express their opinions, including those critical of the constitutional amendments, has to end now,” said Magdalena Mughrabi.

Instead of stepping up this vicious crackdown against peaceful critics, Egypt’s authorities should scrap these amendments and ensure that any proposed future changes do not violate the country’s human rights obligations under international law.

Browse Full Report:

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This report was originally published by Amnesty International on April 8th 2019. It was republished, with permission, under a Creative Commons BY-NC-ND 4.0 International License, in accordance with the Terms & Conditions of Amnesty International | Formatting Edits, Tweets, reports and PDF’s added and embedded by Rogue Media Labs

Plain Clothed Police Officers Raid 263 Chat Media In Zimbabwe – Teargas Staff & Confiscate Electronic Equipment

(AI) – A police raid on the offices of online news site 263 Chat after one of its journalists filmed the removal of street vendors in Harare is a blatant assault on the right to freedom of expression and media freedom, Amnesty International said today. Police fired tear gas into the newsroom after chasing reporter Lovejoy Mtongwiza to the website’s offices. The journalist had been taking photos and videos of the police forcing out street vendors in the Zimbabwean capital.

Today’s attack on the 263 Chat offices was designed to send a chilling message to journalists and shows the lengths the Zimbabwean police are prepared to go to muzzle media freedom,” said Muleya Mwananyanda, Amnesty International’s Deputy Regional Director for Southern Africa. “The authorities must end the attack on the media and launch a prompt, thorough and effective investigation into this attack and ensure that all suspected perpetrators are identified and brought to justice.

263 Chat is an online news site which reports on political, economic and social issues in Zimbabwe. Reporter Lovejoy Mtongwiza was deployed to the city centre to take pictures of a Zimbabwe Republic Police (ZRP) and Harare City Council operation to remove street vendors.

When a group of police and council officers pursued Mtongwiza, he ran away to his employer’s office. The police followed him and fired tear gas into the 263 Chat newsroom, where 14 other journalists were working. Officers also seized a mobile phone from one of the reporters.


This report was originally published by Amnesty International on February 19th 2019. It was republished, with permission, under a Creative Commons BY-NC-ND 4.0 International License, in accordance with the Terms & Conditions of Amnesty International | Formatting Edits and Tweets and videos added and embedded by Rogue Media Labs

Its Not Just Israel, Hamas Has Begun Detained Hundreds In Gaza for Protesting Their Rule

(AI) – Hamas security forces’ violent crackdown against peaceful Palestinian protesters, activists, human rights workers – including an Amnesty International worker – and local journalists must be immediately halted and investigated, said Amnesty International. Hundreds of protesters have been subjected to beatings, arbitrary arrest and detentions, and torture and other forms of ill-treatment since 14 March, when Palestinians took to the streets across the Gaza Strip to protest against the rising cost of living and deteriorating economic conditions under the Hamas de facto administration.

Today, an Amnesty International Research Consultant, Hind Khoudary, has been detained and interrogated by the security forces of the Ministry of Interior for working with Amnesty International. Her interrogation lasted for three hours during which four male interrogators subjected her to ill-treatment. The interrogators used abusive language and warned her not to carry out human rights research and threatened to prosecute her for spying and working as a foreign agent.

The crackdown on freedom of expression and the use of torture in Gaza has reached alarming new levels. Over the past few days, we have seen shocking human rights violations carried out by Hamas security forces against peaceful protesters, journalists and rights workers,” said Saleh Higazi, Deputy Middle East and North Africa Director at Amnesty International. “It is clear that Hamas security forces are trying to stop human rights defenders from carrying out the vital work of documenting and reporting on the severe violations they are perpetrating during this ongoing violent and arbitrary crackdown. We are sending a clear message to the Gaza authorities today that we are watching and we will work to ensure that all those responsible for these violations are held to account.

The human rights violations perpetrated by Hamas forces against peaceful protesters, journalists, and human rights defenders in Gaza are the most severe for more than a decade.

Protesting hunger and taxation

The latest round of repression by Hamas began on 10 March 2019, when 13 activists planning demonstrations to protest the high cost of living in Gaza were arrested during a private meeting at a house belonging to the activist Jihad Salem al-Arabeed in the town of Jabalya, in the northern Gaza Strip. The arrest came after the group launched a social media campaign titled ‘The revolt of the hungry’ and ‘Down with price hikes,’ calling for a protest on Thursday, 14 March 2019 in Jabalya.

Security forces stormed into the house without an arrest warrant. The activists were subjected to torture and other ill-treatment in detention. On 12 March, they were released with a warning not to continue with their plans.

On the afternoon of 14 March 2019, Hamas security forces – some dressed in civilian clothes – violently attacked hundreds of peaceful demonstrators in Jabalya refugee camp, Deir al-Balah camp, al-Boreij camp and Rafah using sound grenades, batons, pepper spray, live ammunition and physical assaults.

Human rights workers and journalists targeted

On 15 March, Hamas forces raided a house in Deir Al-Balah camp belonging to a local journalist, Osamah Al-Kahlout. Inside the house were the Director of the Independent Commission for Human Rights (ICHR), Jamil Sarhan, and ICHR lawyer Baker Al-Turkmani. Both human rights workers, who had been monitoring the protests, were beaten and hospitalized and their mobile phones were confiscated. After identifying themselves to the security officers who raided the house, Sarhan and Turkmani were taken outside and repeatedly punched.

On 16 March, Hamas security forces in Gaza arrested a number of human rights defenders while they were working in the Al-Shujayya neighbourhood, east of Gaza city. The four reportedly detained were: Samir Al-Mana’ama, lawyer at Al Mezan Center for Human Rights (Al Mezan); Khaled Abu Isbetan, fieldworker at Al Mezan; Sabreen Al-Tartour, field worker at the Palestinian Center for Human Rights; and Fadi Abu Ghunaima, field worker at Al Dameer Association for Human Rights in Gaza.

Meanwhile, several journalists across Gaza were beaten, detained and were forbidden from documenting the demonstrations. Many journalists, lawyers and NGO workers were reportedly summoned for interrogation after recording testimonies on the conduct of the Hamas police.

The Hamas de facto administration must immediately launch an independent, thorough and transparent investigation into the unnecessary and excessive use of force, arbitrary arrest and detention, and torture and other ill-treatment by security forces. Where there is sufficient admissible evidence, suspected perpetrators should be prosecuted in fair trials,” said Saleh Higazi. “The authorities in Gaza have a duty to ensure that journalists and human rights defenders are free to carry out their work without threat, intimidation, or abuse; failure to protect such activities and deliberate interference in their work is a flagrant violation of international law.


This report was originally published by Amnesty International on March 18th 2019. It was republished, with permission, under a Creative Commons BY-NC-ND 4.0 International License, in accordance with the Terms & Conditions of Amnesty International | Formatting Edits, pictures and videos added and embedded by Rogue Media Labs

Investigative Report: Inside The US’s ‘Secret’ War In Somalia Under Donald Trump

(AI) – US air strikes in Somalia have surged in the past two years – more than 100 have been launched since President Trump relaxed protections for civilians in 2017. Despite this, the US consistently claims not to have killed or injured a single civilian there. Evidence from in-depth Amnesty International investigation shows otherwise – in just five incidents US air strikes were found to have killed at least 14 civilians and injured eight more.

Full 72 Page Investigate Report of US Bombing Inside Sudan: https://www.amnestyusa.org/wp-content/uploads/2019/03/The-Hidden-U.S.-War-in-Somalia.pdf

Somalia: A Graphic Novel | Illustration © Mike Dawson

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The US government must carry out impartial, thorough investigations into credible evidence its rapidly escalating air strikes in Somalia have killed numerous civilians, Amnesty International said in a new report today.

The Hidden US War in Somalia details how 14 civilians were killed and eight more injured in just five of the more than 100 strikes in the past two years. These five incidents were carried out with Reaper drones and manned aircraft in Lower Shabelle, a region largely under Al-Shabaab control outside the Somali capital Mogadishu. The attacks appear to have violated international humanitarian law, and some may amount to war crimes.

When approached with Amnesty International’s findings, the US Africa Command (AFRICOM) repeated its denial that any civilians have been killed in its operations in Somalia. “The civilian death toll we’ve uncovered in just a handful of strikes suggests the shroud of secrecy surrounding the US role in Somalia’s war is actually a smokescreen for impunity,” said Brian Castner, Amnesty International’s Senior Crisis Advisor on Arms and Military Operations. “Our findings directly contradict the US military’s mantra of zero civilian casualties in Somalia. That claim seems all the more fanciful when you consider the USA has tripled its air strikes across the country since 2016, outstripping their strikes in Libya and Yemen combined.

In the course of their investigation Amnesty International researchers travelled to Somalia, conducted more than 150 interviews with eyewitnesses, relatives, persons displaced by the fighting, and expert sources – including in the US military – and rigorously analyzed corroborating evidence, including satellite imagery, munition fragments, and photos from the aftermath of air strikes.

Strikes proliferate after Trump weakens safeguards

The number of US strikes in Somalia surged after 30 March 2017, when President Trump signed an Executive Order declaring southern Somalia an “area of active hostilities.” US forces carried out 34 strikes in Somalia in the last nine months of 2017 – more than in the entire five years from 2012 to 2016. This increased again in 2018, to 47 strikes; and there have already been 24 in the first two months of 2019 alone.

According to a retired US Brigadier General Amnesty International spoke to, this lessened the burden on the US military to guarantee that civilians will not be killed in air strikes. Worryingly, the General also believes that the Executive Order widened the net of potential targets to include virtually any adult male living in villages sympathetic to Al-Shabaab and seen in proximity to known fighters. Such a broad targeting mandate would violate international humanitarian law and lead to unlawful killing of civilians.

For example, in a strike on the hamlet of Farah Waeys, AFRICOM claims that “all individuals injured or killed were members or affiliates of Al-Shabaab,” while Amnesty International has documented that two civilian men were killed, and five women and children injured, in addition to Al-Shabaab casualties.

Damning evidence of civilian casualties

Amnesty International uncovered compelling evidence that US air strikes killed a total of 14 civilians and injured eight more, in five attacks that may have violated international humanitarian law and could, in some cases, constitute war crimes. Reports of more civilian casualties from other strikes could not be sufficiently corroborated for inclusion in the report.

In one case, a US military air strike in farmland near the village of Darusalaam killed three local farmers in the early morning hours of 12 November 2017. They were resting in the open after working well into the night digging irrigation canals. At around 3am an air strike targeted them without warning. The blast sent other farmers scrambling for cover and woke residents of two nearby villages. Villagers who went to recover the bodies at first light described the men’s horrific injuries.

Amnesty International later analyzed photographic evidence of the bodies that is consistent with eyewitness testimony. Two of the men were badly disfigured. A large ordnance fragment entered the first man’s forehead, collapsing his skull; his forearms were blown backward and nearly torn off, but for a thin flap of skin. The second man’s face, throat and chest were pockmarked by multiple ordnance fragments. The third man had a large wound on his side, and a small blow to his head, just above the right eye.

A farmer from Darusalaam village told Amnesty International: “The noise of the plane was louder than before, the day the attack happened. The weeks before, it used to come and leave, only that night it was not leaving. It was coming and coming and coming. When the noise [of an air strike] happened, everything ceased…I was so frightened. I couldn’t keep watch on the farm at all. I went under the shelter of the tree and hid… These three young men were not expecting to be killed by a plane, and we did not expect the world to be silent.

The US government must ensure investigations into all credible allegations of civilian casualties are carried out, with accountability for those responsible for violations and reparation made to the victims and survivors,” said Ella Knight, Military, Security and Police Researcher at Amnesty International. “Both the US and Somali governments need to put an end the lack of transparency and must do more to enable affected communities to self-report civilian casualties – without this, justice is likely to remain elusive.

Take Action – Petition: Demand A Ceasefire To US Bombings In Somalia: https://act.amnestyusa.org/page/40147/action/1

Full Report: The Hidden US War In Somalia

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This report was originally published by Amnesty International on March 19th 2019. It was republished, with permission, under a Creative Commons BY-NC-ND 4.0 International License, in accordance with the Terms & Conditions of Amnesty International | Formatting Edits, pictures and videos added and embedded by Rogue Media Labs

In Protests of Migrants Stranded on Greek Isles, The Acropolis In Greece was Defaced w/ Message Reading “Humanity First: Refugees are Welcome”

(AI) – European leaders were sent a clear message last might when a huge “Refugees Welcome” sign was projected on to the side of the Acropolis. The stunt, organized by Amnesty International, is intended to draw attention to the suffering of refugees trapped on the Greek Islands by the EU-Turkey deal, which marks its third anniversary today.

Three years after the EU-Turkey deal was implemented, it is vital that this call for humanity is seen not just across Athens, but across the whole of Europe,” said Fotis Filippou, Campaigns Director for Europe at Amnesty International. “The situation facing thousands of migrants and refugees on the islands is a scar on the conscience of Europe. Anyone looking up at the Acropolis can see thousands of years of civilisation. Anyone who looking towards the refugee camps on the Greek islands will see that our leaders have learnt nothing. It is time for our leaders to put humanity first. They must end the tragedy thousands of people are facing as a result of the EU-Turkey deal and act now to ensure that those trapped in abject misery on the islands are finally moved to safety on the mainland and on to other European states.

Audio-Visual and B-Roll from Political Stunt Available Here: https://amnesty.app.box.com/s/koxyiktsamfmo4drokabhonw94du0r6g

Sample Photo’s & Video’s from Release:

Image may contain: sky, mountain, outdoor and nature

Background

The EU-Turkey deal is a statement of cooperation between EU states and the Turkish government aimed at returning people crossing to the Greek Islands back to Turkey on the premise that Turkey is safe for them. This included asylum seekers and vulnerable migrants. What ensued in practice is a containment policy, trapping people in the Greek hotspots for extended periods of time.

Read More – Statements from EU about EU-Turkey Deal March 18th 2016: https://www.consilium.europa.eu/en/press/press-releases/2016/03/18/eu-turkey-statement/
Download Full Text – EU-Turkey Deal: https://jrseurope.org/assets/Publications/File/JRS_Europe_EU_Turkey_Deal_policy_analysis_2016-04-30.pdf

There are currently more than 15,000 people on the Greek island “hotspots,” more than a half of whom are women and children. The majority are staying in overcrowded camps, many sleeping in unsuitable tents and containers, facing risks to their safety and security. The camp on the island of Samos alone houses more than 4,000 people, a number exceeding its capacity by more than five times.

On paper, the arrangement was to be accompanied by a “1:1 scheme:” a commitment to resettle one Syrian to EU Member States for every Syrian being returned from Greece to Turkey. Figures show, however, that only over 8,000 re-settlements of Syrians have been carried out in 2018, while around 3.6 million remain in Turkey. In parallel, out of 32,494 total sea arrivals to Greece in 2018, returns to Turkey amounted to only 322.

Read EU-Turkey Deal of 2016:

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This report was originally published by Amnesty International on March 18th 2019. It was republished, with permission, under a Creative Commons BY-NC-ND 4.0 International License, in accordance with the Terms & Conditions of Amnesty International | Formatting Edits, pictures and videos added and embedded by Rogue Media Labs

As Women Stage Public Protests Around Iran, Video Journalists Demonstrate The Increased Level of Hostility, Violence & Abuse Women’s Rights Activists Face Inside The Country

(AI) – A series of videos shared on social media in recent weeks have shed light on the daily harassment and violent attacks women in Iran face at the hands of morality police and pro-government vigilantes seeking to enforce the country’s forced hijab (veiling) laws, said Amnesty International. The videos show members of the public or plain-clothes morality police aggressively confronting or attacking women for defying Iran’s degrading forced hijab laws, in the name of defending “public decency” perpetrators of such attacks appear to be getting bolder in their assaults in response to efforts by women to film the violence they face and share the videos on social media.

The video footage that has emerged in recent weeks demonstrates the shocking levels of abuse women in Iran face on a daily basis from morality police or pro-government thugs simply for daring to defy the country’s abusive forced hijab laws,” said Philip Luther, Amnesty International’s Middle East and North Africa Research and Advocacy Director. “Iran’s forced hijab laws are not only deeply degrading and discriminatory, they are also being used to justify violent assaults on women and girls in the streets.

Women in Iran are routinely stopped in the street at random by morality police, who insult and threaten them, order them to pull their headscarves forward to hide strands of hair or give them tissues to wipe off their make-up. Women are often physically assaulted including by being slapped in the face, beaten with batons, handcuffed and bundled into police vans. In one of the videos posted online recently, a woman films a confrontation that she says began after a pro-state vigilante persistently ordered her to wear her hijab properly. In the video the man hurls abusive insults at her and, when she objects, he turns around and sprays her in the face with what appears to be pepper spray.

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. حمله وحشیانه با گاز فلفل برای حجاب. باز بگویید مگر همه مشکلات حل شده مانده حجاب ما با این جماعت خشونت طلب ۴۰ سال داریم زندگی می کنیم سکوت بس است. ارسال کننده فیلم نوشته: سلام مسيح جان . اين اقا امروز تو تاكسي وقتي روسري افتاد بمن تذكر داد و من محل نذاشتم بعدش اومد بمن اعتراض كرد باز من محل نذاشتم ولي كوتاه نيومد و باز گير داد و وقتي من شروع كردم ب فيلم گرفتن اسپري فلفل رو دراورد و منو زد! و عينكم رو شكوند! منم جيغ كشيدم و همه جمع شدن!! اين فيلم رو گرفتم ك باقي زناي سرزمين من بفهمن نباد سكوت كنن، دوره اين ادما تموم شده! اينا حق تحكم ب ما ندارن. #دوربین_ما_اسلحه_ما قرار ما همه با هم در حمایت از زنان #پیاده_روی_بدون_حجاب خانم ها حرکت آقایون حمایت. . اجازه دهید کم کم کمپین را به شکلی هدفمند تر دنبال کنیم. وقتی از هدفمندی می گوییم به معنی آن است که برای رسیدن به هدف، باید قدمهایمان را هماهنگ کنیم. باید تفاوت بسیاری از تعاریف را بدانیم. و با آکاهی و انتخاب پیش برویم. گام اول: تمرین کنیم که تحت هر شرایطی فحاشی یا تندی نکنیم. هدف ما علاوه بر نشان دادن شجاعت و اعلام خواسته هایمان، قانع و همراه کردن متعرضین و تماشاچیان است. فحاشی طرف مقابل را در روش خود جدی تر میکند. ما میخواهیم به آنها ثابت کنیم که می شود در کنار هم در مسالمت زیست. این زیست مسالمت امیز را در صدای مان و کلماتمان نشان دهیم. هر همراه کمپین را دعوت میکنیم تا تمرین کند از این پس، بدون ترس، با شجاعت، اما حتی الامکان با لحنی مودبانه و ومتین سخن بگوید و از به کار بردن هر لفظ ناشایست امتناع کند. به امید همدلی بیشتر، حمایت بیشتراز مردم و دفاع بیشتر از زنان قهرمان میهنمان، #چهارشنبه_های_سفید دیگری در راه است. #رهبر_منم_رهبر_تویی #زمانی_برای_کندن_درها #دوربین_ما_اسلحه_ما نکته جالب که در این فیلم به کارنامه جمهوری اسلامی هم اشاره می شود. @pouriazeraati

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In another video, a man is shown yelling, insulting and ordering a woman to put on her headscarf. The woman is heard screaming about his threat to fire a stun gun at her and the man responds: “I did not fire at you. I only showed it to you.

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. . ‫زورگویی و حمله بسیجی به زنانی که حجاب از سر بر می دارند. به این انگشت ارتجاع و زورگو نگاه کنید، ۴۰سال با ما همین کردند. با دیدن #دوربین_ما_اسلحه_ما خیلی سریع تسلیم شد لحنش عوض شد. از مردم، رسانه‌ها دعوت میکنم در مورد حمله وحشیانه‌ی این افراد سکوت نکنند. ‬ خوب گوش کنید می‌گه من شوکر نزدم بهت، فقط نشون دادم… این یعنی به محض دیدن ⁧‫#دوربین_ما_اسلحه_ما‬⁩ دست‌ها را به نشان تسلیم بالا برد و لحنش را عوض کرد… این یعنی از قدرت ما می‌ترسند ولی با این همه نمی‌توانند خشونت شان را کنترل کنند ویدیو از دوستان #گزارشگر #منوتو

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In a third video posted online, a plain-clothes man standing next to a morality police van is seen aiming a gun at unarmed men and women who have intervened to stop the violent arrest of a woman who is not wearing a headscarf. The person who filmed the video explains in a comment that they and other members of the public had to rescue the woman from the morality police, who had confiscated her car keys and were attempting to push her into their van.

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هشدار: تهدید مردم عادی با اسلحه از فاصله بسیار نزدیک توسط مامور گشت ارشاد. . 🔸فیلم کامل را در کانال تلگرامم ببینید. آدرس تلگرام در قسمت بایوی اینستاگرام است . فیلمی واضح و تکان دهنده به کمپین #دوربین_ما_اسلحه_ما ارسال شده از حادثه اتوبان ستاری. در این حادثه مامور گشت ارشاد در مواجهه با حمایت مردم از یک زنی که حجاب بر سر ندارد، از فاصله بسیار نزدیک اسلحه گرم را به سمت صورت آنها نشانه میرود. این چه قانونیست که به مامور گشت ارشاد مجوز میدهد با اسلحه گرم مردم عادی را تهدید کند؟ اینجا زنی را متوقف کردند که چرا در خودروی خود حجاب بر سر نداشته، ماشین او را توقیف و ماموران تلاش می کنند تا به زور این زن را سوار ون گشت ارشاد کنند. مردمی که ناظر بودند و به دستگیری به خاطر حجاب اعتراض داشتند تلاش می کنند مانع بازداشت این زن شوند و سرانجام او را آزاد می کنند و سوییچ ماشین او را هم از ماموران گشت ارشاد پس می گیرند. این مردم به اصل قانون حجاب اجباری و سرکوب شهروندان توسط گشت ارشاد اعتراض دارند. مامور گشت ارشاد در پاسخ اعتراض مردم چندین بار توی صورت چند تن اسلحه میکشد. مردمی که با فقر و گرانی دست و پنجه نرم می کنند بر اساس قانون واپسگرای حجاب اجباری باید برای آزاد ساختن خودروی خود پول و جریمه بدهند از زندگی روزمره شان عقب می مانند و همچنین در روند زندگی روزمره شان دچار مشکلات زیادی می شوند. مردم،‌زن و مرد،‌از حضور انگلی #گشت_ارشاد اسلامی که چهل سال است همچون زالو به جان شهروندان افتاده اند و از خون آنها تغدیه می کنند به جان آمده اند. مردم از اینکه هر روز جلوی چشم شان به خواهر و همسر و همکار و دوست و دخترشان اهانت می شود خسته شده اند. مردم از اینکه سال هاست مجبورند در مقابل به اسارت گرفتن زنان جامعه توسط ماموران گشت اسلامی سکوت کنند عذاب می کشند. ماموران حقوق بگیر از مالیات این مردم تا کی می خواهد زنان جامعه را به اسارت ببرند و انتظار داشته باشند که صدای کسی درنیاید؟ ماموران چرا اینگونه مردم را آزار می دهند و بعد در مقابل اعتراض شان به رویشان اسلحه می کشند؟ ‫زنان از تحقیر، سرکوب، زور و اجبار و گروگان گرفتن خودشان توسط یک دیکتاتوری مذهبی خسته‌اند و مردان به حمایت آمده‌اند. ما، تیم ⁧‫#چهارشنبه_های_سفید‬⁩ از تمام فعالان مدنی و رسانه ای و حقوق بشری دعوت می کنیم که این خشونت آشکار را محکوم کنند.‬

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Iranian women’s rights defenders have courageously filmed these incidents as part of the My Camera My Weapon campaign, which aims to raise awareness of the constant harassment and assault that women and girls face in Iran’s streets as a result of forced hijab laws.

The videos were posted online by prominent Iranian journalist and women’s rights activist Masih Alinejad, based in the USA, who has run a series of high-profile online campaigns against forced hijab. As well as My Camera My Weapon, these include: My Stealthy Freedom, a Facebook page where women in Iran are encouraged to post photos of themselves without headscarves, and White Wednesdays, a campaign which calls on women to protest forced hijab laws by wearing white headscarves every Wednesday.

The increased spotlight on the assaults on women defying laws on forced hijab has been met with a chilling smear campaign by state media against women’s rights defenders calling for the abolition of these abusive laws. There are serious concerns that Iran’s authorities are fueling these assaults in order to silence women at a crucial moment – just as they are gaining the courage to speak out publicly against forced hijab and amplifying their voices through social media.

These brutal assaults targeting women and girls are a violation of their right to be protected from cruel, inhuman and degrading treatment under international law,” said Philip Luther. “Millions of Iranian women are being denied the right to be treated with dignity and to go about their daily lives without fearing violence or harassment.

Iran’s forced hijab laws are a blatant breach of the rights to freedom of expression and religion, and the right to privacy. Women and girls in Iran are not allowed to set foot outside their homes unless they cover their hair with a headscarf and cover up their arms and legs with loose clothing. Under Iranian law, women and girls as young as nine years old who are seen in public without a headscarf can be punished with a prison sentence of between 10 days and two months, or a cash fine. In practice, Iran’s authorities have imposed forced hijab on girls as young as seven years old.

Over the past year, Iran’s authorities have stepped up their crackdown on women’s rights defenders peacefully protesting against forced hijab laws. The most shocking example is the case of prominent human rights lawyer Nasrin Sotoudeh, who was sentenced in the past week to 33 years in prison and 148 lashes, in part, for her opposition to forced hijab laws.

The charges on which Nasrin Sotoudeh was convicted include “inciting corruption and prostitution” and “openly committing a sinful act… by appearing in public without a hijab.” Some of the activities that the authorities have cited as “evidence” against her include: opposing forced hijab; removing her headscarf during prison visits; defending women who peacefully protested against forced hijab; giving media interviews about the violent arrest and detention of women protesting against forced hijab; and placing flowers at the scene where a woman protester was violently arrested.

Petition The Release of Nasrin Sotoudeh: https://www.amnesty.org/en/get-involved/take-action/iran-free-nasrin-satoudeh-now/


This report was originally published by Amnesty International on March 12th 2019. It was republished, with permission, under a Creative Commons BY-NC-ND 4.0 International License, in accordance with the Terms & Conditions of Amnesty International | Formatting Edits and Tweets added and embedded by Rogue Media Labs